Kien is a mining industry professional with over 20 years experience in global capital markets and mining finance. Recently, he has held various senior executive management positions and independent consulting roles for ASX and AIM listed mining companies as well as unlisted companies where he has been responsible for aspects of corporate financing, capital structuring, strategy, business development, commercial and investor relations. Prior to his work on the industry side, he spent almost 15 years doing investment banking and corporate & institutional finance for ANZ in Melbourne and London, before joining Standard Chartered Bank as a founding member of their global Mining & Metals team in London and Singapore. He has worked on a variety of debt and equity financings for clients across EMEA and Australasia in the base metals, precious metals, bulk commodities, coal and steel sectors. Kien graduated with a BCom from Deakin University (Melbourne) majoring in Finance and Economics.